Basic English Grammar

Gerunds And Their Types With Urdu To English Examples

Gerunds And Their Types

In this article, we are going to discuss Gerunds and their types. These types are very important in grammar. Studying its types will improve your grammar and English. Why is it necessary to study its types? Because without studying it we cannot get complete access to grammar. It is important to study it. What good will it do us? It will greatly benefit us, increase our knowledge of grammar and improve our English. With this background in mind, start reading this topic now. These types will strengthen your English and you will start speaking English without stopping.

Gerunds With Urdu To English Examples

Gerunds are described in detail with examples from Urdu and English. The examples are well illustrated. Incorporate these examples into your daily routine and you will see how quickly your English will improve. Don’t waste any more time and get the complete PDF of this topic now with just one click. And practice these examples on a daily basis.

The Gerund / Verbal Noun and its types with Urdu English


When the first form of the verb with “Ing” works as a noun, is called a gerund.

The kinds of Gerund

There are two kinds of gerund ;

1). Ing form / present gerund / verbal noun

2)The perfect gerund / The past gerund .

1:Ing form / present gerund / verbal noun


When the first form of the verb with “Ing” works as a noun, is called the gerund / present gerund or verbal noun.

(1)As a subject.

For examples:

Laughing is good for health.

نسنا صحت کے لیے اچھا ہے۔

Playing is a good exercise.

کھیلنا ایک اچھی ورزش ہے۔

Smiling is a good habit.

مسکرانا ایک اچھی عادت ہے۔

Teaching is a good profession.

(2)As a subject with its own object.

For examples:

Making fun of elders is not a good habit.

بزرگوں کا مذاق اڑانا اچھی عادت نہیں ہے۔

Playing football is a good exercise .

فٹ بال کھیلنا ایک اچھی ورزش ہے۔

Beating children is not a good action.

چوں کو مارنا اچھا عمل نہیں ہے۔

Abusing the student is not a good habit.

(3)As an object of a verb.

For examples:

He likes teaching.

اسے پڑھانا پسند ہے۔

She hates playing.

اسے کھیلنے سے نفرت ہے۔

They started laughing.

وہ ہنسنے لگے۔

He likes teasing.

اسے چھیڑنا پسند ہے۔

(4) Object of the verb with its own object.

For examples:

He likes teaching the children.

وہ بچوں کو پڑھانا پسند کرتا ہے۔

She hates playing chess.

اسے شطرنج کھیلنے سے نفرت ہے۔

They started laughing at us.

وہ ہم پر ہنسنے لگے۔

He likes teasing the people.

وہ لوگوں کو چھیڑنا پسند کرتا ہے

(5) As an object of a preposition.

For examples:

She is found fishing.

وہ ماہی گیری میں پائی جاتی ہے۔

I am tired of teaching.

یں پڑھاتے پڑھاتے تھک گیا ہوں۔

They were talking about fishing.

وہ مچھلی پکڑنے کی بات کر رہے تھے۔

(6) As a complement of a verb.

For examples:

What she wants is passing?

وہ کیا چاہتی ہے گزر رہی ہے؟

What I like is swimming?

مجھے تیراکی کیا پسند ہے؟

What I dislike is fighting?

جس چیز کو میں ناپسند کرتا ہوں وہ لڑائی ہے؟

His hobby is reading.

اس کا شوق پڑھنا ہے۔

(7) Complement with its object.

For examples:

What they wanted was teaching their children?

یا وہ اپنے بچوں کو پڑھانا چاہتے تھے؟

What she wants is passing marks?

وہ کیا چاہتی ہے پاسنگ مارکس؟

What he wants is watching this film?

وہ کیا چاہتا ہے یہ فلم دیکھ رہا ہے؟

His hobby is reading different books.

مختلف کتابیں پڑھنا ان کا مشغلہ ہے۔

Gerunds And Their Types With Urdu To English Examples

The Perfect Gerund


The perfect gerund is used to express the completed actions of the past; it gives the meaning of the present and the past perfect tense.

For examples:

The perfect gerund

He denies having stolen the car.

He will deny having stolen the car.

She accepts having taken the money.


He denies that he has stolen the car.

He will deny that he has stolen the car.

She accepts that she has taken the money.

Participial adjective / Verbal adjective


When a verb works both as a “verb “ and as an “adjective “, is called a participial /verbal adjective.

Types of participial

(1) The present participial.

(2) The past participial.

(3) The perfect participial.

(1) The present participial: when the first form of the verb with “Ing” works as a verb, an adjective, or as an adverb, is called the present participial.

(1)As the main verb :

For examples:

I am working hard.

میں محنت کر رہا ہوں۔

She is teaching at Ahmad academy.

وہ احمد اکیڈمی میں پڑھاتی ہیں۔

They were playing here.

وہ یہاں کھیل رہے تھے۔

They will be coming tomorrow.

وہ کل آئیں گے۔

(2)As an adjective :

For examples:

The dove saved the drowning bee.

کبوتر نے ڈوبتی مکھی کو بچا لیا۔

Pakistan is a developing country.

پاکستان ترقی پذیر ملک ہے۔

Running water is always fresh.

بہتا ہوا پانی ہمیشہ تازہ ہوتا ہے۔

(2) The past participial: The third form of the verb is called past participial.

(1)As a verb :

For examples:

He has come.

وہ آ گیا ہے۔

They have eaten food.

وہ کھانا کھا چکے ہیں۔

We have won the match.

ہم نے میچ جیت لیا ہے۔

(2)As an adjective :

For examples:

These are used socks.

ہ استعمال شدہ موزے ہیں۔

The door is closed.

.دروازہ بند ہے

(3) The perfect participial: The perfect participial shows that someone completed action and started another action in the past.


Having +IIIV + obj+, +sub + the past indefinite tense

For examples:

Having seen the police, they ran away.

پولیس کو دیکھ کر وہ بھاگ گئے۔

Having eaten food, he slept.

کھانا کھا کر سو گیا۔

Having played football, we came back.

فٹ بال کھیل کر ہم واپس آگئے۔

Having watch the film, she went out.

فلم دیکھ کر وہ باہر نکل گیا۔

Gerunds And Their Types With Urdu To English Examples

The topic of Gerunds is very important. We cannot move forward in grammar without clearing it. So read this topic carefully and include it in your English. We are here for your convenience so that you can clearly improve your English. Click on the link below to get the full PDF of gerunds and their types now.  








Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button