Basic English Grammar

Sentence Structure With Examples PDF

Sentence structure and Rules

Sentence structure is how all the parts of a sentence fit together. If you want to make more advanced and interesting sentences, you first have to understand how sentence structure works. The first question that popped into our mind, when we talked about the sentences is, what sentence and its structure?

Sentence def:

A group of words that give full meaning by itself is known as the sentence“.

Structure Def:

To construct and arrange elements with a plan is known as structure.”, we define sentence structure as …

“The way to arrange sentences grammatically with a pre-planned structure is known as sentence structure.”


  • I like tea.
  • She write a script.

 Clauses can be divided into two Kinds 

If every sentence were as simple as subject + verb + object, books would be so boring! That’s why English has developed a few different sentence structures to keep things interesting and give us more options for speaking and writing. 

  1. Dependant Clause 
  2. Independent Clause

sentence structure

1: Dependent Clause or subordinating clause

Subject + Verb

Sentences dependent on other sentences to make a proper sentence means the sentences have no meaning at all or cannot stand alone in their sentence and always depend on the main clause.

For Example:

Because I missed my train.”
This sentence doesn’t give any clear-cut meaning it means the sentence needs an external force to complete its meaning so here we need another sentence to complete the meaning of this sentence.

Here we conjoin two clauses.

2: Independent  Clause or main clause

Subject+ Verb

Independent clauses are those sentences that are not dependent on any sentence to make a sentence which means it makes its sentence by having a meaning and giving complete sense by itself or thought.

For Example:

I was late.” This sentence gave its full meaning without depending on another sentence.

sentence structure

The four types of sentence structure

  1. Simple
  2. Compound 
  3. Complex 
  4. Compound complex 

1: Simple Sentence 

“A sentence that gives complete thought in itself.”

Structure: Independent clause
Here boy means the simple sentence is an independent clause that doesn’t depend on anyone to complete its meaning.


  • I like tea.
  • Rikza likes coffee.
  • I and Alaya took the bus.
  • I looked for Muqadas and Zufisan at the bus station.

2: Compound Sentences 

 Conjoin two or more independent clauses and joined by coordinating conjunction.


  • Independent clause + coordinating conjunction + Independent clause
  • Independent clause; Independent clause

3: Complex Sentence 

This means complicated(Here we conjoin an independent clause and one or more  dependent clauses)


  • Independent clause + subordinating conjunction/Relative pronoun + Dependent clause

In complex sentences after independent clauses we use subordinating conjunction or relative pronoun like (I missed the train because I was late.) so in this sentence.

4: Compound Complex SENTENCE

 This means both complex and compound sentences features are added to it
“A compound sentence consists of two independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses.”

 means 2 independent clauses and 1 dependent clause and further, we can add more than 2 independent clauses and dependent clauses.


  • Independent clauses + subordinating conjunction + dependent clause + coordinating conjunction + independent clause

(Because) is a subordinating conjunction.
(Because I was late) is a dependent clause.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button